Here we are going to discuss best Urdu poets. Urdu poetry is related to many aspects of life. There are multiple kinds of Urdu poet, some wish to write. So this article helps you to find the best Urdu poets
Urdu poetry is a rich convention of verse and has a wide range of structures. A considerable lot of the graceful structures and structures are of Arabic source. Today, it is a critical piece of the way of life in South Asia.
Best Urdu Poets Names
Meer Taqi Meer, Khwaja Mir Dard, Mirza Ghalib, Daag Dehlvi, Dabeer, Iqbal, Zauq, Josh, Akbar, Jigar, Faiz, Firaq, Shakeb Jalali, Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi, Mohsin, Faraz, Faizi and Allama Muhammad Iqbal are among the best artists of Urdu. The dialect of Urdu got its zenith under the British Raj, and it got official status. Every acclaimed essayist of Urdu dialect including Ghalib and Iqbal were given British scholarships. Following the Partition of India in 1947, it discovered significant artists and researchers were isolated along the nationalistic lines. Be that as it may, Urdu verse is esteemed in both the countries. Both the Muslims and Hindus from over the fringe proceed with the custom.
It’s essentially a performative verse and its presentation, in some cases unrehearsed, is held in Mushairas (idyllic works). In spite of the fact that its tarannum saaz (singing angle) has experienced significant changes in ongoing decades, its prominence among the majority stays unaltered. Mushairas are today held in metropolitan territories overall as a result of the social impact of the South Asian diaspora. Ghazal singing and Qawwali are likewise essential descriptive types of Urdu verse. Bollywood motion pictures have a noteworthy part in advancing Urdu verse with more youthful ages
Types of Urdu poetry
Before starts the list of best Urdu poets knows the primary types of Urdu verse used by best Urdu poets:
- Ghazal is an arrangement of two liner couplets, which entirely should end with a similar rhyme and ought to be inside one of the predefined meters of Ghazals. There must be least of five couplets to frame a Ghazal. Couplets might possibly have the same idea. It is a standout amongst the most troublesome types of verse as there are numerous strict parameters that one needs to submit to while composing Ghazal. It is critical to consider the point well as the topic of a Ghazal before beginning to compose it. The primary line of a Ghazal must incorporate a Refrain, which is a word or an expression that can be effortlessly fitted into alternate couplets. Every couplet of a Ghazal is known as Sher.
- Hamd is a ballad in the acclaim of Allah. “Hamd” is gotten from the Qur’an, its English interpretation is “Acclaim”.
- Manqabat is a Sufi reverential lyric, in the acclaim of Ali ibn Abi Talib, the child-in-law of Muhammad, or of any Sufi holy person.
- Marsiya is a funeral poem regularly made about the passing out of Hasan, Husain, or their relatives. Every stanza has six lines, with the rhyme conspire. The popular marsia essayists who acquired the convention of Mir Anis among his progressive ages are Mir Nawab Ali ‘Munis’, Dulaha Sahab ‘Uruj’, Syed Mohammed Mohsin (Jaunpuri), Mustafa Meerza urf Piyare Sahab ‘Rasheed’, Syed Muhammad Mirza Uns, Ali Nawab ‘Qadeem’, Syed Sajjad Hussain “Shadeed” Lucknavi, Allama, Dr.Syed Ali Imam Zaidi, “Gauher” Luckhnavi the colossal grandson of Mir Babber Ali Anis, Syed Karrar Hyder (Jaunpuri) and Syed Yadullah Haider (child of Syed Karrar Hyder).
- Masnavi is a ballad written in couplets in with an iambus for last foot. The subject is regularly romance. Mir Taqi Mir and Sauda thought of a portion of this kind. The Religious masnavi History of Islam (Tarikh-e-Islam Az Quran) composed by Dr. Syed Ali Imam Zaidi Gauher Lucknavi.
- Naat is a verse that particularly commends the Islamic prophet, Muhammad(SAW).
- Nazm Urdu nazm is an important bit of Urdu section. From Nazeer Akarabadi, Iqbal, Josh Malihabadi, Akhtarul Iman to down the line N. M Rashid, Faiz, and Kaifi Azmi. They have anchored typical life, philosophical thinking, national issues and the questionable predicament of individual human being. As a specific kind of Nazm various Urdu craftsmen influenced by English and other European specialists took to creating pieces in the Urdu language. Azmatullah Khan (1887-1923) is acknowledged to have familiar this association with Urdu Literature. Alternate lofty Urdu essayists who formed ballads were Akhtar Junagarhi, Noon Meem Rashid, Salaam Machhalishahari and Wazir Agha.
- Qasida, for the most part, a tribute to a supporter, a parody, or a record of an occasion. It utilizes a similar rhyme framework as the ghazal, however is generally more.
- Ruba’i is a verse style, the Arabic expression for “quatrain”. The plural type of the word, rubāʿiyāt, frequently anglicized rubaiyat, is utilized to portray an accumulation of such quatrains.
- Tazkira is an anecdotal compilation of poetry.
Gathering types of Urdu verse used by best Urdu poets
The primary gathering types of Urdu verse are taken after
- Diwan, a gathering of ghazals.
- Kulliyat, a total gathering of ballads by one creator.
So as from above, you see well of Urdu verse and now I might want to compose few lines of best Urdu poets.
Best Urdu Poets
There is following list of best Urdu poets
1. Meer Muhammad Taqi Meer
Meer Muhammad Taqi Meer whose takhallus (pseudonym) was once in a while likewise spelled Meer Taqi Meer (February 1723 – 21 September 1810), was the main Urdu writer of the eighteenth century, and one of the pioneers who offered shape to the Urdu dialect itself. He was one of the primary artists of the Delhi School of the Urdu ghazal and remains ostensibly the premier name in Urdu verse and frequently recognized as extraordinary compared to other writers of Urdu Language.
2. Khwaja Mir Dard
Khwaja Mir Dard (1720-1785) was a writer of the Delhi School. He was a Sufi holy person of the Naqshbandi-Mujaddadi Silsila and a spiritualist artist. He made an interpretation of his mystery into the section.
3. Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan (Mirza Ghalib)
Mirza Asadullah Baig Khan 26 June 1797 – 15 February 1869), was a noticeable Urdu and Persian-dialect artist amid the most recent long stretches of the Mughal Empire. He utilized his takhallus of Ghalib and Asad. His honorific was Dabir-ul-Mulk, Najm-ud-Daula. Amid his lifetime the Mughals were obscured and uprooted by the British lastly removed after the thrashing of the Indian insubordination of 1857, occasions that he portrayed. Most remarkably, he composed a few ghazals amid his life, which has since been deciphered and sung in a wide range of routes by various individuals. Ghalib, the last extraordinary artist of the Mughal Era, is thought to be a standout amongst the most renowned and powerful artists of the Urdu dialect. Today Ghalib stays prevalent in India and Pakistan as well as among the Hindustani diaspora around the globe. Most of people consider Mirza Ghalib as best Urdu poet.
4. Daagh Dehlvi
Daagh Dehlvi conceived Nawab Mirza Khan (25 May 1831 – 17 March 1905) was an artist known for his Urdu ghazals. He had a place with the old Delhi school of Urdu verse. Daagh composed sentimental and exotic sonnets and ghazals in basic and pure Urdu, limiting utilization of Persian words.
Dehlvi laid extraordinary accentuation on the Urdu colloquialism and its utilization. He composed under the takhallus Daagh Dehlvi He had a place with the Delhi school of thought. His honorific Dabeer ud Dawla, Faseeh ul Mulk, Nawab Nizaam Jang Bahadur, Sipah Salar, Yare-Wafadar, Muqrib-us-Sultan, Bulbul-e-Hindustan, Jahan Ustad, Nazim Yar Jung, were the titles presented to him by the 6th Nizam of Hyderabad. Daagh was viewed as outstanding amongst other sentimental writers of his opportunity by a few analysts.
Best Urdu Poets
5. Muhammad Iqbal
Muhammad Iqbal (November 9, 1877 – April 21, 1938), broadly known as Allama Iqbal, was a writer, savant, and lawmaker, and also a scholastic, lawyer and researcher in British India who is generally viewed as having propelled the Pakistan Movement. He is known as the “Profound Father of Pakistan. He is viewed as a standout amongst the most vital figures in Urdu literature, with artistic work in both Urdu and Persian. Iqbal is appreciated as a noticeable artist by Indians, Pakistanis, Iranians and other universal researchers of writing.
Despite the fact that Iqbal is best known as a famous writer, he is additionally an exceedingly acclaimed “Muslim philosophical mastermind of present-day times”. Among these, his best known Urdu works are The Call of the Marching Bell, Gabriel’s Wing, The Rod of Moses and a piece of Gift from Hijaz. Alongside his Urdu and Persian verse, his Urdu and English addresses and letters have been extremely persuasive in the social, social, religious and political debate.
In 1923, he was knighted by King George V, giving him the title “Sir”.In a lot of South Asia and the Urdu-talking world, Iqbal is viewed as the Shair-e-Mashriq, He is likewise called Mufakkir-e-Pakistan “The Thinker of Pakistan”, Musawar-e-Pakistan and Hakeem-ul-Ummat “). Iqbal’s home is as yet situated in Sialkot and is perceived as Iqbal’s Manzil and is open for guests. It was secured under the Punjab Antiquities Act of 1975.
6. Sheikh Muhammad Ibrahim Zauq
Sheikh Muhammad Ibrahim Zauq (1789– 1854) was an Urdu writer and researcher of writing, verse and religion. He composed verse under takhallus “Zauq” and was delegated artist laureate of the Mughal Court in Delhi exactly at 19 years old. Later he was given the title of ‘ Khaqani e Hind'( The Khaqani of India) by the last Mughal head and his follower Bahadur Shah Zafar. He was a poor youth, with just conventional instruction, who proceeded to obtain learning ever, religious philosophy and poetics in his later years.
Zauq was an unmistakable contemporary of Ghalib and in the historical backdrop of Urdu verse, the contention of the two artists is very outstanding. Amid his lifetime Zauq was more famous than Ghalib for the basic qualities in those days were basically bound to judging a bit of verse based on the use of words, expressions, and colloquialisms. Substance and style were very little considered while acknowledging verse.
7. Josh Malihabadi
Josh Malihabadi (conceived as Shabbir Hasan Khan ) (5 December 1894 – 22 February 1982) prominently known as Shayar-e-Inquilab(poet of upset) is viewed as one of the best Urdu artists of the period of British India. He is viewed as best in the rundown of Urdu writing who utilizes a huge number of high sounding rich words in his poetry. He was an ace in the Urdu Language.
Josh dependably tested the set up arrange and remained for liberal values. Josh was uproarious, overcome who never bargained on principles. He composed more than 100,000 delightful couplets and in excess of 1,000 rubaiyat in his lifetime. His life account “Yaadon Ki Barat” is viewed as extraordinary compared to other so far in Urdu as it is composed in straight to the point and real to life way.
The primary Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru held him in high regard and scarcely missed an opportunity to go to the mushaira at Lala Kishan Lal Kalra’s United Coffee House where Josh used to be the star attraction. He was an Indian resident until 1958 when he emigrated to Pakistan and turned into a Pakistani native.
8. Ali Sikandar
Ali Sikandar, referred to by his takhallus as Jigar Moradabadi (6 April 1890 – 9 September 1960), was an Urdu artist and ghazal essayist. He got the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1958 for his verse accumulation “Atish-e-Gul”, and was the second writer (after Mohammad Iqbal) to be granted a privileged D.Litt. by the Aligarh Muslim University.
9. Faiz Ahmad Faiz
Faiz Ahmad Faiz is the soul of this list of best Urdu poets. Faiz Ahmad Faiz (13 February 1911 – 20 November 1984) was a Pakistani liberal artist and writer, and a standout amongst the most commended authors of the Urdu dialect. Born in Punjab, British India, Faiz proceeded to learn at Government College and Oriental College. He proceeded to serve in the British Indian Army and was granted in the British Empire Medal.
After Pakistan’s autonomy, Faiz turned into the editorial manager to The Pakistan Times and the main individual from the Communist Party before being captured in 1951 as a claimed some portion of connivance to topple the Liaquat organization and supplant it with a left-wing government. Faiz was discharged following four years in jail and proceeded to wind up an eminent individual from the Progressive Writers’ Movement and in the end an associate to Bhutto organization, before acting naturally ousted to Beirut.
Faiz was an admitted Marxist, and he got the Lenin Peace Prize by the Soviet Union in 1962. His work stays compelling in Pakistan’s writing and expressions. Faiz’s abstract work was after death openly regarded when the Pakistan Government gave upon him the country’s most astounding common honor, Nishan-e-Imtiaz, in 1990.
Best Urdu Poets
10. Raghupati Sahay
Raghupati Sahay (28 August 1896 – 3 March 1982), better known under his pseudonym Firaq Gorakhpuri, was an author, pundit, and, as per one reporter, a standout amongst the most noted contemporary Urdu writers from India.He built up himself among peers including Muhammad Iqbal, Yagana Changezi, Jigar Moradabadi and Josh Malihabadi.
11. Shakeb Jalali or Shakeeb Jalali
Shakeb Jalali or Shakeeb Jalali conceived Syed Hassan Rizvi (1 October 1934 – 12 November 1966). He was a Pakistani Urdu artist, considered as one of the recognized Urdu writers of the post-freedom era.Shakeb was conceived on 1 October 1934 in Jalal, a little town close Aligarh. His predecessors were from a residential area, Saddat, close Aligarh. He submitted suicide on 12 November 1966 by throwing himself before a passing train close Sargodha, Pakistan. Roushni Aye Roushni, his first verse gathering, was distributed after death in 1972. Sang-e-Meel distributed his total poetical fills in as Kulliyat-e-Shakeb Jalali in 2004. Shakeb is at number 11 in this list of best Urdu Poets.
12. Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi
Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi conceived Ahmad Shah Awan on 20 November 1916 – kicked the bucket 10 July 2006, was an Urdu and English dialect Pakistani writer, columnist, artistic faultfinder, playwright, and short-story writer. He composed 50 books on themes, for example, verse, fiction, feedback, news-casting, and craftsmanship, and was a noteworthy figure in contemporary Urdu literature. His verse was recognized by its humanism, and his Urdu afsana (short story) work is considered by some second just to Prem Chand in its delineation of country culture. He was additionally editorial manager and distributor of the artistic magazine Funoon for 50 years. He got honors, for example, the Pride of Performance in 1968 and Sitara-e-Imtiaz in 1980 for his artistic work.
13. Sayyid Akhtar Hussein Rizvi
Sayyid Akhtar Hussein Rizvi, with his takhallus Kaifi Azmi, (14 January 1919 – 10 May 2002) was an Indian Urdu poet. He is remembered as the one who brought Urdu literature to Indian motion pictures. Together with many other poets like John Elia and others he participated in the most memorable mushairas of the twentieth century.
14. Parveen Shakir
Parveen Shakir (24 November 1952 – 26 December 1994) is at number 14 in the list of best Urdu poets. She was an Urdu poet, teacher and a civil servant. Parveen started writing at an early age and published her first volume of poetry, Khushbu to great acclaim, in 1976.
She subsequently published other volumes of poetry – all well-received – Sad-barg [Marsh Marigold] in 1980, Khud Kalami and Inkaar in 1990, Kaf-e-Aina besides a collection of her newspaper columns, titled Gosha-e-Chashm , and was awarded one of Pakistan’s highest honors, the Pride of Performance for her outstanding contribution to literature in 1976. The poetry books are collected in the volume Mah-e-Tamaam with the exception of Kaf-e-Aina.Parveen died in 1994 in a car accident while on her way to work.
15. Akhtar Shirani
Akhtar Shirani , also spelt ‘Sheerani’, (4 May 1905 – 9 September 1948) is considered to be one of the leading romantic poets(Rumaniyat) of Urdu language.
16. Ahmed Faraz
Ahmed Faraz conceived Syed Ahmed Shah on 12 January 1931 in Kohat, passed on 25 August 2008 was a Pakistani Urdu artist. He is generally acclaimed as a standout amongst other present-day Urdu writers of the most recent century. ‘Faraz’ is his pen name, in Urdu Takhalus . He kicked the bucket in Islamabad on 25 August 2008. He was granted Sitara-I-Imtiaz, Hilal-e-Imtiaz and after death the Hilal-e-Pakistan by the Government of Pakistan. Definitely, he is a famous Pakistani poet.
After 16. Ahmad Faraz All data has been updated by the year 2020
Sampooran Singh Kalra (born 18 August 1934), known popularly by his pen name(Takhallus). He is an Oscar-winning Indian poet, director, and lyricist. He started his career with music director S.D. Burman as a lyricist in the 1963 film Bandini and worked with many music directors including R. D. Burman and A. R. Rahman.
He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 2004, the third-highest civilian award in India, the Sahitya Akademi Award and the Dadasaheb Phalke Award — the highest award in Indian cinema.
Gulzar also wrote poetry, script and he directed the TV series Mirza Ghalib in the 1980s. He has won several Indian National Film Awards, Filmfare Awards, one Academy Award, and one Grammy Award.
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